(Beirut) – The Iranian officials’ The dramatic increase in executions in recent weeks constitutes a serious violation of the right to life and deserves international condemnation, Human Rights Watch said today.
Since late April, Iranian authorities have executed at least 60 people, including an Iranian-Swedish national, on alleged charges related to terrorism. Many of them were executed after unfair trials or for charges such as drug offenses and two executions for “blasphemy”, which under international law should never have been punishable by death.
“The Iranian authorities are clearly using executions, an inhumane punishment, after unfair trials as a show of force against their own people, who are demanding fundamental change,” he said. star soldier away, senior Iran researcher at Human Rights Watch. “The international community must unequivocally condemn this horrific trend and put pressure on the Iranian authorities to stop these executions.”
Mizan on May 8 news, the judiciary’s news agency, announced that the authorities had executed Yusuf Mehrdad and Syed Sadrullah Zare in Arak prison after they were accused of “insulting the prophet”. Mizan pointed out that the charges also included “blasphemy”, “insulting the Prophet’s mother” and “belittling the Quran”. These allegations were all based on peaceful speeches the defendants were accused of having broadcast on Telegram channels. The announcement added that authorities also found evidence of “Quran burning” on Mehrdad’s phone.
while Iran’s judiciary Claim Defendants had access to a lawyer of their choice, BBC Farsi has informed of that their families and their “public defenders” did not know that people had been executed.
According to the Human Rights Activists’ News Agency (HRANA), in 2022, Iranian authorities executed 565 people, including 5 who were under 18 when they allegedly committed the crime. Between January 1 and May 5, 2023, Iran executed at least 192 people, including 8 women, most for drug-related crimes and murder.
On 6 May, the Tehran government Execution Habibullah Asivad (Chab), an Iranian-Swedish national, on charges of “corruption on earth”, stemming from the alleged role of the opposition group he represented in a deadly attack on an Iranian military parade in Ahvaz in 2018. Iranian agent Chaab was arrested in Türkiye in 2018, Washington Post informed of, It said that, based on an interview with a Turkish official, Chaab was lured into Turkey by a woman, drugged and kidnapped when he visited her, and then across the border into Iran Smuggled.
His trial proceedings were unfair, and Chaab did not have access to the lawyer of his choice, Iran Human Rights informed of, in one Interview With Insaaf News, a lawyer who said he represents Chaab was reported as saying “we are not seeking acquittal of the accused.”
Jamshed Sharma, A German-Iranian The national who was reportedly arrested outside Iran is in grave danger of execution as Iran’s Supreme Court upheld his death sentence on April 26.
Since 25 April, authorities have executed more than 60 people in prisons across the country, including in the cities of Rajai and Ghezl Hesar (Karaj); Urmia, Ardabil, and Dastargard (Isfahan); Vakilabad (Mashhad); Nishabur, Adel Abad (Shiraz); Torbat-e-Jam; rash; Yazd; Birjand; Qazvin; Minab; Bandar Abbas; Zahedan; Khorramabad; Zahedan; Arak; and Iranshahr Jail.
The increase in executions appears to have been driven by a dramatic increase in drug-related executions. The number of drug-related executions was temporarily reduced after one Amendment in 2017 for Iran’s drug laws that raised the bar for mandating the death penalty.
According to a report published by Iran Human Rights, a Norway-based human rights group, ethnic minorities in Iran have been particularly targeted by recent executions. The group said 130 people are expected to be executed in 2022 in the four provinces of West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan, Sistan and Baluchistan and Kurdistan – more than double the number of 62 in 2021 and 60 in 2020.
Of the executions confirmed by Iran Human Rights in those regions, only 10 (8 percent) were announced by the authorities, compared to 12 percent announced for it. country as a whole, About 92 percent of executions in the four provinces in 2022 – and 88 percent in Iran as a whole – were published in the media inside Iran without being reported.
According to Hal Vash Human Rights Groupthat focuses on the condition of Human rights in the Balochistan region, between 29 April and 4 May alone, at least 20 people – 18 men and 2 women – were executed on charges related to drug and trafficking.
Under Article 6(2) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Iran has ratified, in countries that still retain the death penalty, the death penalty can only be applied for “the most serious crimes”. The United Nations Human Rights Committee, which interprets the covenant, has stated that drug offenses are not “among the most serious crimes”, and that the use of the death penalty for such crimes violates international law. Human Rights Watch opposes the death penalty in all circumstances because it is inherently irreversible and inhumane.